White Papers & e-books

The EXCITING project has prepared a set of white papers, e-books and handbooks focusing on key topics that have been addressed in the project.

Please consult the following documents from the list below:

  • Setting the Standards for the Hyper-Connected World: Harmonisation of 5G and IoT standards between Europe and China
  • EU-China Future Internet Policy White Paper [version 1]
  • EU-China Future Internet Policy White Paper [version 2]
  • Handbook for IoT and 5G SMEs: How to enter the Chinese Ecosystem

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Setting the Standards for the Hyper-Connected World: Harmonisation of 5G and IoT standards between Europe and China

Authors: Latif Ladid, Yuming Ge, Xin Guan, Kejun Wei and Song Luo

Abstract: Europe and China are at the forefront of technological advances in areas related to the Future Internet. While both parties share common technological objectives, there is still room for improvement in what concerns bilateral co-operation. The Project EXCITING (EU-China Study on IoT and 5G) was created to support the development of favourable conditions for co-operation between the European and Chinese research and innovation ecosystems in the key strategic domains of IoT and 5G, with a focus on standardisation and interoperability.

The two prime anchors of standardisation between Europe and China are 3GPP for 5G and oneM2M for IoT. Both have been initiated by the European standard body ETSI and include the China Communications Standards Association (CCSA) as a partner, as well as other world standardisations bodies (ARIB, ATIS, TSDSI, TTA, TTC).

The collaboration between the 5G IA, the 5G Forum China and the AIOTI with the China AII2 adds another dimension of cooperation of joint harmonisation and alignment in the industry efforts.

In this white paper we review the ongoing standardisation activities related to the Future Internet, 5G and IoT, and reflect on the need for harmonisation and alignment between Europe and China.

Download the white paper

Download the e-book version

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EU-China Future Internet Policy White Paper [version 1]

Main authors: Fabrice Clari, Géraldine Quetin

Abstract (adapted): This report aims at describing European and Chinese policies related to Future Internet use cases and applications. It is not limited to IoT and 5G, but considers all Internet-related policies in both regions.

The white paper addresses policy contexts for both Europe and China. It notes that both share, to some extent, similarities with regards to policy frameworks. Indeed, Europe has a strong historical background in terms of Internet policies (not only related to IoT and 5G) and is leading major policy discussions. For example, Europe is watched by non-EU stakeholders for its GDPR regulation. On its side, China enjoys a certain political stability which allows its governing body to pursue policy initiatives in the long run.

It explains that policies are playing an important role in shaping the Future Internet, and this is especially true in an international context. The report addresses opportunities and challenges for potential co-operation between European and Chinese stakeholders. It highlights that many obstacles are not specifically dedicated to IoT and 5G, but are rather wider. It gives details on new Chinese policies such as The Cybersecurity Law (China’s data protection regime) – the equivalent of Europe’s GDPR, with at least 10 draft standards that deal with both data flows and protection of personal information and The Personal Information Security Specification (issued in December 2017), the most extensive document to date on the protection of personal information, which is one of six systems under The Cybersecurity Law. Cultural differences are another important barrier; European players are expected to show more interest and spend more time to dialogue with Chinese authorities, helping them to understand their company’s role and impact in the Chinese economy, explain their business and activities.

In terms of opportunities, Clusters are an entry point to co-operation with China. It is noted that selecting the right location to start a business in China has a decisive importance, since it might impact the targeted ecosystem and potential local government support. China has also rapidly established special economic zones, offering better infrastructure and services, and laws and regulations that are more market-friendly. The strong vitality of Chinese incubators represents also a good opportunity for EU stakeholders. The People’s Republic of China has heavily supported the economy by creating investment funds, providing subsidies and launching incubators with the objective to offer better-paying jobs for the next generations, creating ideas and technologies. The Republic of China supports startups mainly through access to very inexpensive (or even free) infrastructures (acceleration programmes and co-working spaces) but these are only accessible to domestically owned companies (i.e. there is no access for foreign companies).

On the research side, there are opportunities for joint projects, funded both by the European Commission and Chinese research agencies (MoST, NSFC, …). To facilitate science and technology co-operation, co-funding mechanisms have been developed to facilitate participation in Horizon 2020
(H2020) in some strategic areas including ICT. In March 2018, the MoST published a new call for proposals under the EU-China co-funding Mechanism for Research and Innovation. This co-funding mechanism is being implemented by both the EU and China from 2016 to 2020.

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EU-China Future Internet Policy White Paper [version 2]

Main authors: Fabrice Clari

Abstract: This white paper was realised by the EXCITING project, which aims at delivering a roadmap showing how research and innovation ecosystems, policy, standardisation, interoperability testing and practical Large Scale Pilots should be addressed during the H2020 timeframe,
and making recommendations for optimising collaboration between Europe and China in the IoT and 5G domains.

The first section introduces the Future Internet, its values and the required policies which would be needed to support its use cases and highlights the need for shared vision and policies, thus avoiding a potential fragmented Future Internet.

Then, European and Chinese contexts, along with main policies and initiatives are presented: as GDPR, Net Neutrality, NGI for the Europe and Made In China and the Internet Plus initiative for China. It explains the differences in approaching the Future Internet: human centric for the Europe and built on top on advanced dual-use (e.g. civic/military) technologies for China. This section gives also more details on the Chinese environment — going through the political stability, the Chinese research which made huge progress over the last 20 years (releasing more publications in Sciences and Engineering than the US in 2016), and Chinese tech giants.

Finally, EXCITING recommendations to foster EU/China cooperation are given. They target both the European Commission (through recommendations on Research, Development and Innovation) and stakeholders (through recommendations on Incubation, Acceleration and
Entrepreneurship, and Market).

Download the white paper

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Handbook for IoT and 5G SMEs: How to enter the Chinese Ecosystem 

Main authors: Géraldine Quetin

Summary: Europe and China are at the forefront of technological advances in areas related to the Future Internet. In terms of market opportunities, the Chinese market offers the largest revenue opportunity for mobile operators and is the largest machine-to-machine (M2M) market in the world. European companies who are not yet in the Chinese market should explore it with caution; not only is it very dynamic and demanding, but it requires a constant awareness of new incentives and rules that the government issues, and there are some economical, technological and cultural patterns, opportunities and challenges that need to be addressed and measured.

A good way to facilitate secured entrance into the area is to enter one of the clusters where local governments provide public services, and there are some specialised on deploying 5G networks or IoT related technologies and services. Another recommendation is also to get close to one of the Special Economic Zones or a Science Parks aiming at attracting Foreign Direct Investment, creating new business opportunities and adding value to mature companies, fostering entrepreneurship, etc.

There is a strong network of EU organisations in China providing services to facilitate activities for EU organisations wanting to operate their business in China. Most of them act as soft-landing organisations (providing information and training on regulations, IPR, business culture, access to experts, etc.). There are also Chinese organisations dedicated to foster global partnerships and also a multitude of incubators or accelerators, open to foreign entrepreneurs, mostly at regional level.

Download the guide book